How Inflammation Influences Behavior

> > How Inflammation Influences Behavior

17th October 2014

Various research studies on the connection between the immune system, inflammation and mental illness were published in the "Brain, Behavior, and Immunity" journal, special edition, entitled: 'Inflammation and Mental Health' (1).

"Through the contributions of the authors of this special issue and the many other scientists committed to understanding the role of the immune system in behavioral disorders, new developments will occur, ultimately ushering in a new era whereby the immune system and the brain can work side-by-side in harmony again." (1)

inflammation and mental illness, inflammation and behavior

The immune system molecules and cells are an essential component in the maintenance of healthy nerve cells. But cytokines and other immune molecules play a two-faced role in the central nervous system (CNS) function: An overactive immune response and inflammation are a destructive force, capable of wrecking havoc on the body and brain - and capable thus of affecting behavior. (1)

Rich literature indicates that inflammatory markers are increased in patients with a number of neuropsychiatric disorders like anxiety and major depression. There is also evidence of a connection between a genetic disposition to inflammation and an increased vulnerability to behavioral change, including depression. (1)

Some level of early childhood exposure to pathogens seems beneficial in developing a strong immune system:

"Clinical studies have shown [...] that exposure of pregnant women to certain types of bacteria can reduce the likelihood of atopy [allergic constitution] in their offspring." (1)

A stronger immune system as a child, in turn, seems to help with guarding against later behavioral problems and mental illness. (1)

On the other hand, an infection early during the child's development may have dire consequences for the developing brain (1):

"Maternal immune activation seems to lead to a variety of behavioral changes consistent with ASD [autism spectrum disorder] and schizophrenia", although exactly how this works is not yet understood. Long-lasting change in immune regulation in general has been associated with ASD. (1)

However, a history of childhood trauma and recent stressful life events have been not only associated with higher levels of inflammation but also with exacerbation of schizophrenia. (1)

Thus stress can activate the immune response too, and thus cause inflammation. (1)

The researchers suggest that a specific inflammasome (consisting of a group of proteins) is capable of reacting to danger signals from the environment. Once triggered, it causes inflammation. The danger signals may include not only by pathogens, but also predators, people and the social world. (1)

And once inflammation is present, it can cause anhedonia-like behavior (where the person is unable to experience pleasure) possibly through interfering with serotonin receptors. (1)

Also, the research findings suggest that the influence of inflammation on the brain may also contribute to cardiovascular disease. (1)

"[The] data suggest that a central impact of inflammation on the brain can influence cardiovascular state by contributing to potentially detrimental changes in autonomic [nervous system's] cardiovascular control." (1)

Researchers Raison and Miller conclude that: "... an intimate connection between the brain and the immune system exists within the framework of evolutionary past that has left a legacy of inflammatory bias that has gone unchecked in the modern world with a consequence of excessive inflammation that contributes to multiple diseases, including those that affect the brain." (1)

And although anti-inflammatory measures seem an obvious answer, Raison and Miller state that there have not been many studies examining the impact of anti-inflammatory therapies on behavior. (1)

"A handful of reports suggest that inhibition of inflammation may reduce depressive symptoms in patients with autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, advanced cancer, sleep disorders and depression." (1)

Also: "Early immune intervention may be able to reverse developmentally driven disorders with an immune component", such as schizophrenia and autism. (1)

Sources:

Brain, Behavior and Immunity, vol. 31, July 2013 (special edition on Inflammation and Mental Health): "Malaise, Melancholia and Madness: The Evolutionary Legacy of an Inflammatory Bias" by Charles L Raison and Andrew H Miller.

Jump to top of page





If my website has helped you, please donate 50 pence/ cents

If this website has helped you, please donate 50 pence/ cents to encourage me to continue writing. The above link takes you to PayPal for a quick and hassle-free payment - sign-in possible but not necessary.

The best natural health tips from this website

This book came out of a necessity to begin putting in one coherent place, neatly ordered, all the amazing ways we can use to naturally reclaim back our health, free of charge.

This book contains 70 brief chapters, each introducing you to the benefits of a certain technique, or a trick, to improve your health affordably. Methods suitable for busy lifestyles. Natural, noninvasive and easy techniques. Pick the ones that suit your lifestyle and interests best and begin enjoying the good life!

  • 140 pages of content
  • Tried and tested methods
  • Links to additional information on this website and elsewhere
  • All the best insights from the last five years of writing Cheap Health Revolution
  • Many new discoveries, not yet published on this website
  • No willpower needed
  • Free and very cheap methods
  • Suitable for busy lifestyles
  • Amazing benefits of simple everyday habits you didn't know about
  • Instant download, no sign-in needed
  • All methods are suitable for all diet types: raw food, paleolithic, vegetarian, vegan, mixed eaters, etc.
book

Read more.


Disclaimer:
To be safe, please consult your health-care provider before attempting self-treatment for health issues.









Meet the Editor:

Ulla is the Editor of Cheap Health Revolution, covering natural remedies and health solutions.

Inspiration:

"Your body's ability to heal is greater than anyone has permitted you to believe." - Unknown